Center for Animal Welfare Legal Protection    
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Moscow Government
Red Data Book of the City
of Moscow

Moscow, 2001
(first edition)


(see also Letter of Moscow Red Data Book Commission)

      The Red Data Book of Moscow is an official document containing facts about the status of rare, vanishing and threatened species of animals and plants on the territory of Moscow. It cites data of their distribution within the city bounds, numbers, particulars of habitation in convoluted ecological circumstances, limiting factors, protective arrangements made or yet to be made. ..."

      "Rare specimens of the animal kingdom, in danger of extinction, are entered into the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation and/or into the Red Data Books of particular members of the Russian Federation. Acts liable to cause destruction, depopulation or disturbance of the habitat of members of the animal kingdom, entered in the Red Data Books, are prohibited. Legal entities and individuals doing business in the areas and water bodies inhabited by animals entered in the Red Data Books shall be held accountable for the conservation and reproduction of these specimens of the animal kingdom under the national and local legislation of the Russian Federation ."

(Quoted from Article 24 of the Federal "Law on Wildlife)

      "Plants and animals, relating to species entered in the Red Books shall everywhere be barred from commercial use. There shall be a ban on activities that would cause a dwindling of these plants and animals and degradation of their environment. Enterprises, institutions, organizations, and other land users on territories that contain plants and animals relating to species entered in the Red Data Books shall make arrangements for conservation and reproduction of these species of plants and animals."
(Quoted from Article 65 of the Russian Federations "Environmental Protection Law")

      (Note by the site editor: The new Russian Federations "Environment Protection Act", passed in 2001, has a similar Article 60, Part 1, on the protection of animals entered in the Red Data Books.)      

      The editorial board of the Red Data Book of Moscow includes:
Chairman of the Editorial Board - L.A. Bochin, Moscow Government minister, Head of the Department of Wildlife Management and Environment Protection;
Vice-Chairman of the Editorial Board - A.M. Amirkhanov, Head of the National Expert Ecological Evaluation Department of the RF Ministry of Natural Resources ;
(The 20-member Editorial Board has 3 academicians as well as doctors and masters of sciences on it).

Some excerpts from the Red Data Book of Moscow,
regarding the adverse impact of neglected dogs on the wildlife of the original natural ecosystem.

      (ANO: Some wild animals that disappeared from the city area under the impact of neglected dogs (including axis deer, roe deer, etc.) cannot be listed in the Red Data Book of Moscow because they do not belong to the natural original ecosystem of the region concerned. Other animals (e.g., the badger) are not in the Red Data Book of Moscow either because they had been entirely exterminated in the city area by neglected dogs before the publication of the Red Data Book of Moscow.
      It is noteworthy that the work on the first edition of the Red Data Book of Moscow was done during the time when neglected dogs were removed from the environment in a centralized manner. Now that the removal of dogs from the environment has been virtually discontinued and their numbers increased by several times, the adverse effect of neglected dogs indicated in the first edition of the Red Data Book of Moscow has augmented on a multiple basis. The latter has, according to the authors of the Red Data Book of Moscow has resulted in extermination of the majority of mammals, land-nesting birds and amphibians listed in the first edition of the Red Data Book of Moscow).

European hedgehog

      "Limiting factors: ... Active chasing by neglected dogs. ..."
      "Measures required for the conservation of the species: ...Solution to the problem of neglected dogs and banning free-ranging of hunting dogs in protected areas and forest parks. ..."

Ermine

      "Limiting factors: ... Chasing by neglected dogs, particularly hazardous for the ermine during the breeding season."
      Measures required for the conservation of the species: ... Solution to the species of neglected dogs, banning of the free ranging of dogs where the ermine breeds ..."

Weasel

      "Limiting factors: ... Chasing and killing of weasels by neglected dogs. Digging up by those dogs of litter dens ..."

Blue hare

      " Limiting factors: ... Chasing by neglected dogs. Digging up by those dogs, which destroy not only young hares byt also adult hares."
      " Measures required for the conservation of the species: ... Solution to the species of neglected dogs. ..."

European hare

      "Limiting factors: ... Destruction of young hares by neglected dogs ..."
      " Measures required for the conservation of the species: ...Solution to the problem of neglected dogs and banning free-ranging of hunting dogs in the species habitats. ..."

Common partridge

      "Limiting factors: ... Augmented (compared with other species) hazard of destruction of clutches and broods of the common partridges by crows or dogs. ..."
      "Measures required for the conservation of the species: ... Preventive work with hunting dog owners in the neighborhood regions of the city. ..."

Quail

      "Limiting factors: ... Frequent starting by humans or dogs of females with broods when they are feeding or resting on dirt roads or other sunl-heated sites. ..."
      "Measures required for the conservation of the species: ... Briefing of residents of the districts near which quail habitats are located to the effect that release of dogs at those sites in summer is inadmissible. ..."

Woodcock

      "Limiting factors: ... Chasing by neglected dogs . ..."
      "Measures required for the conservation of the species: ... Augmented supervision of the ban on making bonfires and free-ranging of dogs in Moscow protected areas ..."

Yellow wagtail

      "Limiting factors: ... Disturbance by humans and dogs. ..."

Also, see:
Press-conference at RIA NOVOSTI 20.01.2005 with the participation of Executive Editor of Moscow Red Data Book, Chief of Laboratory of VNII of Nature Conservation Candidate of Biology Boris Samoilov

Interview of Executive editor of the Moscow Red Data Book in the NEZAVISIMAYA GAZETA 31.01.2006: latest data on the number of species entered in the Red Data Book, conserved in Moscow natural complexes

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