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STRAY DOGS IN A MEGAPOLIS
Some conclusions drawn on the strength of the findings of videomonitoring:1. Hordes of stray dogs in some cases obstruct:
- stated purpose and use of the urban areas;
- standard (normative)use of private and public property (which includes the entire city transport infrastructure, tube, motor transport, children’s playgrounds, lands enjoying a nature-conservation and recreational status, etc.);
- proprietary rights and private property rights of legitimate rightholders (including car owners, pet owners, land and real estate owners);
- unrestricted access to work and occupations (including those for low-mobility citizens: parents with prams and small kids, the disabled, the elderly, etc.);
- sanitation-and-epidemiological well-being of the population on lands held in trust (by the right to land ownership) and labour protection of hired labourers (by the right of employers)in conditions of uncontrolled presence of stray dogs whose behaviour is unpredictable.
2. The results of videomonitoring indicate that a high percentage of homeless cats and a high percentage of stray dogs, living in the conditions of street environment of a megapolis:
- get injured, are in a state of stress, are subject to cruel and inhumane handling, sustain pain, fear, suffering and die an excruciating death;
- propagate and get missed without control, which fails to meet European standards and requirements imposed on humane handing of pets and humane controlled regulation of their population formulated, among other things, in the European Convention for the Protection of Pet Animals.
The conclusions of videomonitoring conducted in Moscow are in full agreement with the outcome of a similar municipal programme of stray dog neutering conducted in Nizhni Novgorod in 2001, which existed for 2 years, and was cut short urgently by a sanitation-and-epidemiological commission in 2003 in view of the catastrophic consequences to the city.
Section 1.1 Hordes of stray dogs create obstructions to motor transport on the carriage-way.
Stray dogs in natural complexes, in the forest-park zone and in specially guarded natural territories.
Section 3.1 Hordes of stray dogs in natural complexes, in the forest-park zone and in specially guarded natural territories.
Hordes of stray dogs are chasing homeless cats actively.
Section 4.1 Cats, while fleeing the dogs, are trying to save themselves on trees, in the basements and other shelters.
Stray dogs in and around the yards, streets, in the compounds of industrial, trading, community and cultural facilities.
Secton 5.1 Hordes of stray dogs create obstructions to those willing to go in for physical training and sport by attacking joggers, cyclists, skiers,etc. A large percentage of stray dogs and homeless cats: gets injured, is in a state of stress, is handled in an inhumane fashion, experiences suffering, pain, fear, dies an excruciating death, propagates in an uncontrolled manner and disappears in an uncontrolled manner.
A large percentage of stray dogs and homeless cats: gets injured, is in a state of stress, is handled in an inhumane fashion, experiences suffering, pain, fear, dies an excruciating death, propagates in an uncontrolled manner and disappears in an uncontrolled manner.
Section 6.1 Due to a very small percentage of neutered females, there is a large number of puppies in the streets. No small part of these disappers unaccounted for and does not survive.
European Convention for the Protection of Pet Animals
Comments:The existing situation in Moscow contradicts Article 12 (1st paragraph, see above) of the European Convention for the Protection of Pet Animals, because:
1. The population of homeless animals is a serious problem to major cities of the RF, in particular, to Moscow, because according to official data alone of the “Federal Supervision Agency for Customer Protection and Human Welfare”, in 2005 in Moscow around 40 persons get bitten by stray dogs every day, the bites being of varying degree of gravity, which is comparable with numbers of those injured in road traffic incidents. Besides, over the last 5 years, there have been at least 3 cases of humans bitten to death by stray dogs in Moscow (1 case in 2004, 2 cases – in 2005).
2. The population of homeless cats and stray dogs is being reduced not all by “methods that will not cause inevitable pain, suffering or mental sorrow” (Art. 12 1st paragraph of the Convention), because:
(à) homeless cats die on a mass scale as a result of being attacked and chased by stray dogs (see Topic 4. Sections: 4.1, 4.2, as well as the data of VTSIOM’s sociological survey; published results of monitoring of the death of homeless cats in 2 Moscow districts during 2000-2005; written evidence of Moscow dwellers)
(b) stray dogs and homeless cats often run out onto the carriage-way and die under the wheels of vehicles (see Topic 1. Section 1.2);
(c) there is a great number of injured stray dogs (see Topic 6. Section 6.2), and according to different independent surveys (e.g. Makarov, Dudnikov, Poyaganov), at least 30% of stray dogs have infectious and parasitic diseases, such as leptospirosis, toxocariasis, toxoplasmosis;
(d) stray dogs are a nuisance to so many people, which is why the population regulates stray dog numbers on its own by cruel methods, including poisons, expedient means, weapons, etc. (see Topic 6. Section 6.2, written evidence of residents, articles in mass media)
3. The state not at all takes “legislative and/or administrative measures needed to reduce the numbers of homeless animals” (Art. 12 1st paragraph of the Convention), which becomes clear from the following:
(à) there is a large number of homeless puppies and kittens, breeding outdoors (see Topic 4. Section 4.3 and Topic 6. Section 6.1), but disappearing without trace, presumably dying of cruel handling in a matter of a few months;
(b) the package of measures currently applied in Moscow within the framework of Moscow Government decrees No 403-RZP dated 19.07.2001 and No 819-PP dated 01.10.2002, referred to as a municipal sterilization programme:
- fundamentally is unable to resolve the tasks formulated in the decrees;
- does not correspond to the main goal of its application formulated in the decrees, i.e. “reduce the population of stray dogs and homeless cats”(Moscow Government decrees 403-RZP dated 19.07.2001 and 819-PP dated 01.10.2002);
- according to public audits, the package of measures did not pass the stage of project documentation approval, mandatory for budget-financed purpose-oriented regional and municipal, because documentation in full scope is not available, i.e. results of mandatory state expert reviews; legal, ecological and economic feasibilities of the need for such programme for the city; evidence of the compliance of the programme with stated goals and tasks as well as with programme safety to citizens as users and taxpayers (pursuant to the RF Law “On Protection of Consumers’ Rights”), and finally, proofs of mandatory compliance of the programme with the RF expenditure obligations. However, the aforesaid stage of approval is provided for by the RF federal legislation (RF Law “On Placement of Orders for the Delivery of Goods, Execution of Works, Provision of Services for State and Municipal Needs" (Art. 1, 3), the RF Fiscal Code (Art. 179), Moscow Law “On State Purpose-Oriented Programmes in Moscow" (Art. 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 9 ).
For reference: at present, the RF has not signed the European Convention for the Protection of Pet Animals. Yet, pursuant to the Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the EU Countries and RF, the RF should seek convergence with the standards existing in the EU countries in the field of environment. Which means that in pursuance of the above international treaty of the RF, Russia should comply with the European standards and requirements of humane handling of pet animals and humane controlled regulation of their numbers, as formulated by the European Convention for the Protection of Pet Animals.
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October 4, 2007 (International Day of Protection of Animals).
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